(1) Students enrolled in Advanced Journalism: Yearbook I, III, III/Newspaper I, II, III/Literary Magazine communicate in a variety of forms for a variety of audiences and purposes. High school students are expected to plan, draft, and complete written and/or visual communications on a regular basis, carefully examining their copy for clarity, engaging language, and the correct use of the conventions and mechanics of written English. In Advanced Journalism: Yearbook I, II, III/Newspaper I, II, III/Literary Magazine, students are expected to become analytical consumers of media and technology to enhance their communication skills. In addition, students will learn journalistic ethics and standards. Writing, technology, and visual and electronic media are used as tools for learning as students create, clarify, critique, write, and produce effective communications. Students enrolled in Advanced Journalism: Yearbook I, II, III/Newspaper I, II, III/Literary Magazine will refine and enhance their journalistic skills, research self-selected topics, and plan, organize, and prepare a project(s). For high school students whose first language is not English, the students' native language serves as a foundation for English language acquisition and language learning.
(2) The essential knowledge and skills as well as the student expectations for Advanced Journalism: Yearbook I, II, III/Newspaper I, II, III/Literary Magazine, elective courses, are described in subsection (b) of this section.
(b) Knowledge and skills.
(1) The student understands individual and staff responsibilities of coverage appropriate for the publication's audience. The student is expected to:
(A) understand the role and responsibilities of each staff member and the purpose of the publication;
(B) use the skills necessary to plan and produce a publication;
(C) read other publications, both professional and student-produced, and generate story ideas of interest or of need to the publication's audience;
(D) conduct research using a variety of sources such as firsthand interviews and other means available, including the Internet; and
(E) conceive coverage ideas and create multifaceted presentations of material, including but not limited to, standard story form, infographics, sidebars, photos, and art.
(2) The student understands journalistic ethics and standards and the responsibility to cover subjects of interest and importance to the audience. The student is expected to:
(A) find a variety of sources to provide balance to coverage;
(B) compose the story accurately keeping his/her own opinion out of non-editorial coverage;
(C) provide editorial coverage to inform and encourage the reader to make intelligent decisions;
(D) critique the publication to find its strengths and weaknesses and work toward an improved product based on those critiques; and
(E) actively seeks non-staff opinion on the publication and determine whether that opinion should affect the publication.
(3) The student understands all aspects of a publication and the means by which that publication is created. The student is expected to:
(A) report and write for publications;
(B) write and design headlines for publications;
(C) research and write captions for publications;
(D) plan and produce photographs for publications;
(E) design publications;
(F) create and follow a financial plan for supporting publications, including sales and advertising; and
(G) consider finances in making decisions, including number of pages and cost-incurring extras such as color, paper quality, number of copies.
(4) The student produces publications. The student is expected to:
(A) determine which events and issues are newsworthy for a readership;
(B) use skills in reporting and writing to produce publications;
(C) select the most appropriate journalistic format to present content;
(D) create pages for publications;
(E) incorporate photographs with captions or graphics into publications;
(F) use available technology to produce publications; and
(G) evaluate stories/coverage for balance and readability.
(5) The student demonstrates leadership and teamwork abilities. The student is expected to:
(A) determine roles for which different team members will assume responsibility;
(B) determine coverage and concepts for publications;
(C) develop a deadline schedule and a regular means of monitoring progress;
(D) submit work for editing and critiquing and make appropriate revisions;
(E) edit and critique work of others; and
(F) work cooperatively and collaboratively through a variety of staff assignments.